Glossary

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TermDefinition
AbioticDevoid of life.
AggregateThe mixture of minerals commonly used in the construction industry, that may be sourced from the seabed (Defra, 2007).
Annex I habitatsList of 189 habitats to be protected under the EC Habitats Directive by means of a network of sites.
Annex II speciesList of 788 species to be protected under the EC Habitats directive by means of a network of sites.
Appropiate AssessmentThe assessment that is required to determine the potential effect of a project or plan on an SPA or SAC (Defra, 2007).
Areas of Oustanding Natural Beauty (AONB)They are fine landscapes, of great variety in character and extent. The criteria for designation is their outstanding natural beauty. Many AONBs also fulfil a recreational role but, unlike national parks, this is not a designation criteria. The administration of planning and development control in AONBs is the responsibility of those local authorities within whose boundaries they fall. The statutory purpose of AONBs is to conserve and enhance the natural beauty of the area (www.defra.gov.uk).
Artificial ReefAny man-made structure that is submerged, or partially submerged, at any stage of the tidal cycle. It may be placed by design for a multitude of purposes, eg piers, jetties, coastal defence, fishery enhancement, or by chance, eg shipwrecks (Anon, 2001).

References

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Hiscock, K., 1985. Aspects of the ecology of rocky sublittoral areas. In The ecology of rocky coasts: essays presented to J.R. Lewis D.Sc , (ed. P.G. Moore & R. Seed), pp 290-328. London: Hodder and Stoughton.

 

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Mills, E.L., 1969. The community concept in marine zoology, with comments on continua and instability in some marine communities: a review. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 26, 1415-1428.

 

Nature Conservancy Council, 1984. Nature conservation in Great Britain. Shrewsbury: Nature Conservancy Council.

 

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Prescott, G.W., 1969. The algae: a review. Sunbury-upon-Thames: T. Nelson and Sons Ltd.

 

Pritchard, D., 1993. Strategic Environmental Assessment. RSPB Conservation Review , 7 , 52-55.

 

Pritchard, D.W., 1967. What is an estuary: physical viewpoint. In Estuaries (ed. G.H. Lauf), 3-5. Washington; American Association for the Advancement of Science [AAAS Publication, no. 83].

 

Raffaelli, D. & Hawkins, S., 1996. Intertidal ecology. London: Chapman & Hall.

 

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