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|Habitat||The place in which a plant or animal lives. It is defined for the marine environment according to geographical location, physiographic features and the physical and chemical environment (including salinity, wave exposure, strength of tidal streams, geology, biological zone, substratum, 'features' (e.g. crevices, overhangs, rockpools) and 'modifiers' (e.g. sand-scour, wave-surge, substratum mobility).|
|Habitat Action Plan (HAP)||These plans form part of the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UKBAP) to protect UK species and habitats (Anon, 2001).|
|Habitats Directive||The abbreviated term for Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora (Commission of the European Communities 1992). Known until about autumn 1994 informally as the "Habitats and Species Directive".|
|Highly Protected Marine Reserve (HPMR)||Areas set aside from all damaging and potentially damaging uses to enable the recovery of ecosystem structure and function.|
|Hydraulic dredge||Bottom sampling equipment for collecting benthic sediment and organisms, towed along the seabed using pumped water to draw material up a tube. Such dredges are also used for the commercial collection of benthic organisms, e.g. cockles.|
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