Glossary

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TermDefinition
National Importance1) biotopes and areas (conservation assessment) - Biotopes or areas which are highly rated in the coastal sector will be described as of national importance if they are one of the best examples or only examples known in Great Britain. National importance can apply to biotopes which are, or are likely to be, widely occurring in other similar physiographic situations in the north-eastern Atlantic. 2) species (conservation assessment) - considered to be those benthic species which are nationally rare or nationally scarce. A species may also be nationally important where a high proportion of the world population occurs in Britain, even though the species might be widespread in Britain. A nationally important species could be one whose numbers are declining rapidly.
Natura 2000The EU-wide network of protected sites established under the Birds Directive (SPA) and the Habitats Directive (SAC) (Anon, 2001).
Natural habitatAs defined by the Habitats Directive (q.v.) "natural habitats means terrestrial or aquatic areas distinguished by geographic, abiotic and biotic features, whether entirely natural or semi-natural." (Commission of the European Communities, 1992).
Nature conservationThe regulation of human use of the global ecosystem to sustain its diversity of content indefinitely (Nature Conservancy Council, 1984).
No Take Zone (NTZ)A marine protected area (MPA) from which the removal of any resources, living or dead is prohibited (Anon, 2001).
Non-governmental organisationAn organization that is not part of the local or state or federal government.

References

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Anon., 2001. A glossary of Marine Nature Conservation and Fisheries. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor. Available from <http://www.jncc.gov.uk/pdf/glossary.pdf>

 

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Defra, 2007. A Sea Change: A Marine Bill White Paper. London: Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.

 

Dowrick, F.E., 1977. Submarine areas around Great Britain. Public Law, Spring 1977 10-28 .

 

Earll, R.C. & Pagett, R.M., 1984. A classification and catalogue of the sea lochs of the Western Isles. Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, no. 525.

 

European Commission, 1995. Interpretation manual of European Union Habitats. Version EUR12. Brussels; European Commission Directorate General XI.

 

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Hiscock, K., 1985. Aspects of the ecology of rocky sublittoral areas. In The ecology of rocky coasts: essays presented to J.R. Lewis D.Sc , (ed. P.G. Moore & R. Seed), pp 290-328. London: Hodder and Stoughton.

 

Hiscock, K. & Mitchell, R., 1989. Practical methods of field assessment and conservation evaluation of nearshore/estuarine areas. In Developments in estuarine and coastal study techniques . EBSA 17th Symposium, (ed. J. McManus & M. Elliott), pp 53-55. Fredensborg: Olsen, & Olsen, for Estuarine & Brackish Water Sciences Association.

 

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IMO, 1991. Guidelines for the designation of Special Areas and the identification of Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas, International Maritime Organization (IMO) Assembly Resolution A.720(17) 6 November 1991, para. 3.1.2. London: International Maritime Organization.

 

International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 1994. IUCN Red List Categories. Gland: Switzerland.

 

Lewis, J.R., 1964. The ecology of rocky shores . London : English Universities Press.

 

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Mills, E.L., 1969. The community concept in marine zoology, with comments on continua and instability in some marine communities: a review. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 26, 1415-1428.

 

Nature Conservancy Council, 1984. Nature conservation in Great Britain. Shrewsbury: Nature Conservancy Council.

 

OED, 1990. The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

 

Pimm, S.L., 1984. The complexity and stability of ecosystems. Nature, 307, 321-326.

 

Prescott, G.W., 1969. The algae: a review. Sunbury-upon-Thames: T. Nelson and Sons Ltd.

 

Pritchard, D., 1993. Strategic Environmental Assessment. RSPB Conservation Review , 7 , 52-55.

 

Pritchard, D.W., 1967. What is an estuary: physical viewpoint. In Estuaries (ed. G.H. Lauf), 3-5. Washington; American Association for the Advancement of Science [AAAS Publication, no. 83].

 

Raffaelli, D. & Hawkins, S., 1996. Intertidal ecology. London: Chapman & Hall.

 

Steigeler, S.E. ed., 1976. Dictionary of earth sciences. London: Macmillan.